//: Worm.java
 * Demonstrates object serialization in Java 1.1
import java.io.*;
class Data implements Serializable {
  private int i;
  Data(int x) { i = x; }
  public String toString() {
    return Integer.toString(i);
public class Worm implements Serializable {
  // Generate a random int value:
  private static int r() {
    return (int)(Math.random() * 10);
  private Data[] d = {
    new Data(r()), new Data(r()), new Data(r())
  };
  private Worm next;
  private char c;
  // Value of i == number of segments
  Worm(int i, char x) {
    System.out.println(" Worm constructor: " + i);
    c = x;
    if(--i > 0)
      next = new Worm(i, (char)(x + 1));
  Worm() {
    System.out.println("Default constructor");
  public String toString() {
    String s = ":" + c + "(";
    for(int i = 0; i < d.length; i++)
      s += d[i].toString();
    s += ")";
    if(next != null)
      s += next.toString();
    return s;
  public static void main(String args[]) {
    Worm w = new Worm(6, 'a');
    System.out.println("w = " + w);
    try {
      ObjectOutputStream out =
        new ObjectOutputStream(
          new FileOutputStream("worm.out"));
      out.writeObject("Worm storage");
      out.writeObject(w);
      out.close(); // Also flushes output
      ObjectInputStream in =
        new ObjectInputStream(
          new FileInputStream("worm.out"));
      String s = (String)in.readObject();
      Worm w2 = (Worm)in.readObject();
      System.out.println(s + ", w2 = " + w2);
    } catch(Exception e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
    try {
      ByteArrayOutputStream bout =
        new ByteArrayOutputStream();
      ObjectOutputStream out =
        new ObjectOutputStream(bout);
      out.writeObject("Worm storage");
      out.writeObject(w);
      out.flush();
      ObjectInputStream in =
        new ObjectInputStream(
          new ByteArrayInputStream(
            bout.toByteArray()));
      String s = (String)in.readObject();
      Worm w3 = (Worm)in.readObject();
      System.out.println(s + ", w3 = " + w3);
    } catch(Exception e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
} ///:~