HDFS Component

Available as of Camel 2.8

The hdfs component enables you to read and write messages from/to an HDFS file system. HDFS is the distributed file system at the heart of Hadoop.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->

URI format


You can append query options to the URI in the following format, ?option=value&option=value&...
The path is treated in the following way:

  1. as a consumer, if it's a file, it just reads the file, otherwise if it represents a directory it scans all the file under the path satisfying the configured pattern. All the files under that directory must be of the same type.
  2. as a producer, if at least one split strategy is defined, the path is considered a directory and under that directory the producer creates a different file per split named seg0, seg1, seg2, etc.


Name Default Value Description
overwrite true The file can be overwritten
bufferSize 4096 The buffer size used by HDFS
replication 3 The HDFS replication factor
blockSize 67108864 The size of the HDFS blocks
fileSystemType HDFS It can be LOCAL for local filesystem
keyType NULL The type for the key in case of sequence or map files. See below.
valueType TEXT The type for the key in case of sequence or map files. See below.
splitStrategy   A string describing the strategy on how to split the file based on different criteria. See below.
openedSuffix opened When a file is opened for reading/writing the file is renamed with this suffix to avoid to read it during the writing phase.
readSuffix read Once the file has been read is renamed with this suffix to avoid to read it again.
initialDelay 0 For the consumer, how much to wait (milliseconds) before to start scanning the directory.
delay 0 The interval (milliseconds) between the directory scans.
pattern * The pattern used for scanning the directory
chunkSize 4096 When reading a normal file, this is split into chunks producing a message per chunk.

KeyType and ValueType

  • NULL it means that the key or the value is absent
  • BYTE for writing a byte, the java Byte class is mapped into a BYTE
  • BYTES for writing a sequence of bytes. It maps the java ByteBuffer class
  • INT for writing java integer
  • FLOAT for writing java float
  • LONG for writing java long
  • DOUBLE for writing java double
  • TEXT for writing java strings

BYTES is also used with everything else, for example, in Camel a file is sent around as an InputStream, int this case is written in a sequence file or a map file as a sequence of bytes.

Splitting Strategy

In the current version of Hadoop opening a file in append mode is disabled since it's not enough reliable. So, for the moment, it's only possible to create new files. The Camel HDFS endpoint tries to solve this problem in this way:

  • If the split strategy option has been defined, the actual file name will become a directory name and a <file name>/seg0 will be initially created.
  • Every time a splitting condition is met a new file is created with name <original file name>/segN where N is 1, 2, 3, etc.
    The splitStrategy option is defined as a string with the following syntax:

where <ST> can be:

  • BYTES a new file is created, and the old is closed when the number of written bytes is more than <value>
  • MESSAGES a new file is created, and the old is closed when the number of written messages is more than <value>
  • IDLE a new file is created, and the old is closed when no writing happened in the last <value> milliseconds

for example:


it means: a new file is created either when it has been idle for more than 1 second or if more than 5 bytes have been written. So, running hadoop fs -ls /tmp/simple-file you'll find the following files seg0, seg1, seg2, etc

Using this component in OSGi

This component is fully functional in an OSGi environment however, it requires some actions from the user. Hadoop uses the thread context class loader in order to load resources. Usually, the thread context classloader will be the bundle class loader of the bundle that contains the routes. So, the default configuration files need to be visible from the bundle class loader. A typical way to deal with it is to keep a copy of core-default.xml in your bundle root. That file can be found in the hadoop-common.jar.

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