SMPP Component

Available as of Camel 2.2

This component provides access to an SMSC (Short Message Service Center) over the SMPP protocol to send and receive SMS. The JSMPP is used.

Starting with Camel 2.9, you are also able to execute ReplaceSm, QuerySm, SubmitMulti, CancelSm and DataSm.

Maven users will need to add the following dependency to their pom.xml for this component:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
    <artifactId>camel-smpp</artifactId>
    <version>x.x.x</version>
    <!-- use the same version as your Camel core version -->
</dependency>

URI format

smpp://[username@]hostname[:port][?options]
smpps://[username@]hostname[:port][?options]

If no username is provided, then Camel will provide the default value smppclient.
If no port number is provided, then Camel will provide the default value 2775.
Camel 2.3: If the protocol name is "smpps", camel-smpp with try to use SSLSocket to init a connection to the server.

You can append query options to the URI in the following format, ?option=value&option=value&...

URI Options

Name Default Value Description
password password Specifies the password to use to log in to the SMSC.
systemType cp This parameter is used to categorize the type of ESME (External Short Message Entity) that is binding to the SMSC (max. 13 characters).
dataCoding 0 Camel 2.5 through Camel 2.8.x Defines encoding of data according the SMPP 3.4 specification, section 5.2.19. Example data encodings are:
0: SMSC Default Alphabet
4: 8 bit Alphabet
8: UCS2 Alphabet
alphabet 0 Camel 2.9 onwards Defines the alphabet of the data according the SMPP 3.4 specification, section 5.2.19. Example alphabet encodings are:
-1: The SMPP component will try to determine the actual alphabet to be used. The message will be sent using UCS2 encoding if it contains non standard GSM characters.
0: SMSC Default Alphabet
4: 8 bit Alphabet
8: UCS2 Alphabet
encoding ISO-8859-1 only for SubmitSm, ReplaceSm and SubmitMulti Defines the encoding scheme of the short message user data.
enquireLinkTimer 5000 Defines the interval in milliseconds between the confidence checks. The confidence check is used to test the communication path between an ESME and an SMSC.
transactionTimer 10000 Defines the maximum period of inactivity allowed after a transaction, after which an SMPP entity may assume that the session is no longer active. This timer may be active on either communicating SMPP entity (i.e. SMSC or ESME).
initialReconnectDelay 5000 Defines the initial delay in milliseconds after the consumer/producer tries to reconnect to the SMSC, after the connection was lost.
reconnectDelay 5000 Defines the interval in milliseconds between the reconnect attempts, if the connection to the SMSC was lost and the previous was not succeed.
registeredDelivery 1 only for SubmitSm, ReplaceSm, SubmitMulti and DataSm Is used to request an SMSC delivery receipt and/or SME originated acknowledgements. The following values are defined:
0: No SMSC delivery receipt requested.
1: SMSC delivery receipt requested where final delivery outcome is success or failure.
2: SMSC delivery receipt requested where the final delivery outcome is delivery failure.
serviceType CMT The service type parameter can be used to indicate the SMS Application service associated with the message. The following generic service_types are defined:
CMT: Cellular Messaging
CPT: Cellular Paging
VMN: Voice Mail Notification
VMA: Voice Mail Alerting
WAP: Wireless Application Protocol
USSD: Unstructured Supplementary Services Data
sourceAddr 1616 Defines the address of SME (Short Message Entity) which originated this message.
destAddr 1717 only for SubmitSm, SubmitMulti, CancelSm and DataSm Defines the destination SME address. For mobile terminated messages, this is the directory number of the recipient MS.
sourceAddrTon 0 Defines the type of number (TON) to be used in the SME originator address parameters. The following TON values are defined:
0: Unknown
1: International
2: National
3: Network Specific
4: Subscriber Number
5: Alphanumeric
6: Abbreviated
destAddrTon 0 only for SubmitSm, SubmitMulti, CancelSm and DataSm Defines the type of number (TON) to be used in the SME destination address parameters. The following TON values are defined:
0: Unknown
1: International
2: National
3: Network Specific
4: Subscriber Number
5: Alphanumeric
6: Abbreviated
sourceAddrNpi 0 Defines the numeric plan indicator (NPI) to be used in the SME originator address parameters. The following NPI values are defined:
0: Unknown
1: ISDN (E163/E164)
2: Data (X.121)
3: Telex (F.69)
6: Land Mobile (E.212)
8: National
9: Private
10: ERMES
13: Internet (IP)
18: WAP Client Id (to be defined by WAP Forum)
destAddrNpi 0 only for SubmitSm, SubmitMulti, CancelSm and DataSm Defines the numeric plan indicator (NPI) to be used in the SME destination address parameters. The following NPI values are defined:
0: Unknown
1: ISDN (E163/E164)
2: Data (X.121)
3: Telex (F.69)
6: Land Mobile (E.212)
8: National
9: Private
10: ERMES
13: Internet (IP)
18: WAP Client Id (to be defined by WAP Forum)
priorityFlag 1 only for SubmitSm and SubmitMulti Allows the originating SME to assign a priority level to the short message. Four Priority Levels are supported:
0: Level 0 (lowest) priority
1: Level 1 priority
2: Level 2 priority
3: Level 3 (highest) priority
replaceIfPresentFlag 0 only for SubmitSm and SubmitMulti Used to request the SMSC to replace a previously submitted message, that is still pending delivery. The SMSC will replace an existing message provided that the source address, destination address and service type match the same fields in the new message. The following replace if present flag values are defined:
0: Don't replace
1: Replace
typeOfNumber 0 Defines the type of number (TON) to be used in the SME. The following TON values are defined:
0: Unknown
1: International
2: National
3: Network Specific
4: Subscriber Number
5: Alphanumeric
6: Abbreviated
numberingPlanIndicator 0 Defines the numeric plan indicator (NPI) to be used in the SME. The following NPI values are defined:
0: Unknown
1: ISDN (E163/E164)
2: Data (X.121)
3: Telex (F.69)
6: Land Mobile (E.212)
8: National
9: Private
10: ERMES
13: Internet (IP)
18: WAP Client Id (to be defined by WAP Forum)
lazySessionCreation false Camel 2.8 onwards Sessions can be lazily created to avoid exceptions, if the SMSC is not available when the Camel producer is started.
httpProxyHost null Camel 2.9.1: If you need to tunnel SMPP through a HTTP proxy, set this attribute to the hostname or ip address of your HTTP proxy.
httpProxyPort 3128 Camel 2.9.1: If you need to tunnel SMPP through a HTTP proxy, set this attribute to the port of your HTTP proxy.
httpProxyUsername null Camel 2.9.1: If your HTTP proxy requires basic authentication, set this attribute to the username required for your HTTP proxy.
httpProxyPassword null Camel 2.9.1: If your HTTP proxy requires basic authentication, set this attribute to the password required for your HTTP proxy.

You can have as many of these options as you like.

smpp://smppclient@localhost:2775?password=password&enquireLinkTimer=3000&transactionTimer=5000&systemType=consumer

Producer Message Headers

The following message headers can be used to affect the behavior of the SMPP producer

Header Type Description
CamelSmppDestAddr List/String only for SubmitSm, SubmitMulti, CancelSm and DataSm Defines the destination SME address(es). For mobile terminated messages, this is the directory number of the recipient MS. Is must be a List<String> for SubmitMulti and a String otherwise.
CamelSmppDestAddrTon Byte only for SubmitSm, SubmitMulti, CancelSm and DataSm Defines the type of number (TON) to be used in the SME destination address parameters. The following TON values are defined:
0: Unknown
1: International
2: National
3: Network Specific
4: Subscriber Number
5: Alphanumeric
6: Abbreviated
CamelSmppDestAddrNpi Byte only for SubmitSm, SubmitMulti, CancelSm and DataSm Defines the numeric plan indicator (NPI) to be used in the SME destination address parameters. The following NPI values are defined:
0: Unknown
1: ISDN (E163/E164)
2: Data (X.121)
3: Telex (F.69)
6: Land Mobile (E.212)
8: National
9: Private
10: ERMES
13: Internet (IP)
18: WAP Client Id (to be defined by WAP Forum)
CamelSmppSourceAddr String Defines the address of SME (Short Message Entity) which originated this message.
CamelSmppSourceAddrTon Byte Defines the type of number (TON) to be used in the SME originator address parameters. The following TON values are defined:
0: Unknown
1: International
2: National
3: Network Specific
4: Subscriber Number
5: Alphanumeric
6: Abbreviated
CamelSmppSourceAddrNpi Byte Defines the numeric plan indicator (NPI) to be used in the SME originator address parameters. The following NPI values are defined:
0: Unknown
1: ISDN (E163/E164)
2: Data (X.121)
3: Telex (F.69)
6: Land Mobile (E.212)
8: National
9: Private
10: ERMES
13: Internet (IP)
18: WAP Client Id (to be defined by WAP Forum)
CamelSmppServiceType String The service type parameter can be used to indicate the SMS Application service associated with the message. The following generic service_types are defined:
CMT: Cellular Messaging
CPT: Cellular Paging
VMN: Voice Mail Notification
VMA: Voice Mail Alerting
WAP: Wireless Application Protocol
USSD: Unstructured Supplementary Services Data
CamelSmppRegisteredDelivery Byte only for SubmitSm, ReplaceSm, SubmitMulti and DataSm Is used to request an SMSC delivery receipt and/or SME originated acknowledgements. The following values are defined:
0: No SMSC delivery receipt requested.
1: SMSC delivery receipt requested where final delivery outcome is success or failure.
2: SMSC delivery receipt requested where the final delivery outcome is delivery failure.
CamelSmppPriorityFlag Byte only for SubmitSm and SubmitMulti Allows the originating SME to assign a priority level to the short message. Four Priority Levels are supported:
0: Level 0 (lowest) priority
1: Level 1 priority
2: Level 2 priority
3: Level 3 (highest) priority
CamelSmppScheduleDeliveryTime Date only for SubmitSm, SubmitMulti and ReplaceSm This parameter specifies the scheduled time at which the message delivery should be first attempted. It defines either the absolute date and time or relative time from the current SMSC time at which delivery of this message will be attempted by the SMSC. It can be specified in either absolute time format or relative time format. The encoding of a time format is specified in chapter 7.1.1. in the smpp specification v3.4.
CamelSmppValidityPeriod String/Date only for SubmitSm, SubmitMulti and ReplaceSm The validity period parameter indicates the SMSC expiration time, after which the message should be discarded if not delivered to the destination. If it's provided as Date, it's interpreted as absolute time. Camel 2.9.1 onwards: It can be defined in absolute time format or relative time format if you provide it as String as specified in chapter 7.1.1 in the smpp specification v3.4.
CamelSmppReplaceIfPresentFlag Byte only for SubmitSm and SubmitMulti The replace if present flag parameter is used to request the SMSC to replace a previously submitted message, that is still pending delivery. The SMSC will replace an existing message provided that the source address, destination address and service type match the same fields in the new message. The following values are defined:
0: Don't replace
1: Replace
CamelSmppDataCoding Byte Camel 2.5 through Camel 2.8.x The data coding according to the SMPP 3.4 specification, section 5.2.19:
0: SMSC Default Alphabet
4: 8 bit Alphabet
8: UCS2 Alphabet
CamelSmppAlphabet Byte Camel 2.9 onwards only for SubmitSm, SubmitMulti and ReplaceSm The data coding according to the SMPP 3.4 specification, section 5.2.19:
-1: The SMPP component will try to determine the actual alphabet to be used. The message will be sent using UCS2 encoding if it contains non standard GSM characters.
0: SMSC Default Alphabet
4: 8 bit Alphabet
8: UCS2 Alphabet

The following message headers are used by the SMPP producer to set the response from the SMSC in the message header

Header Type Description
CamelSmppId List<String>/String The id to identify the submitted short message(s) for later use. From Camel 2.9.0: In case of a ReplaceSm, QuerySm, CancelSm and DataSm this header vaule is a String. In case of a SubmitSm or SubmitMultiSm this header vaule is a List<String>.
CamelSmppSentMessageCount Integer From Camel 2.9 onwards only for SubmitSm and SubmitMultiSm The total number of messages which has been sent.
CamelSmppError Map<String, List<Map<String, Object>>> From Camel 2.9 onwards only for SubmitMultiSm The errors which occurred by sending the short message(s) the form Map<String, List<Map<String, Object>>> (messageID : (destAddr : address, error : errorCode)).

Consumer Message Headers

The following message headers are used by the SMPP consumer to set the request data from the SMSC in the message header

Header Type Description
CamelSmppSequenceNumber Integer only for AlertNotification, DeliverSm and DataSm A sequence number allows a response PDU to be correlated with a request PDU. The associated SMPP response PDU must preserve this field.
CamelSmppCommandId Integer only for AlertNotification, DeliverSm and DataSm The command id field identifies the particular SMPP PDU. For the complete list of defined values see chapter 5.1.2.1 in the smpp specification v3.4.
CamelSmppSourceAddr String only for AlertNotification, DeliverSm and DataSm Defines the address of SME (Short Message Entity) which originated this message.
CamelSmppSourceAddrNpi Byte only for AlertNotification and DataSm Defines the numeric plan indicator (NPI) to be used in the SME originator address parameters. Same values as in Producer header list above.
CamelSmppSourceAddrTon Byte only for AlertNotification and DataSm Defines the type of number (TON) to be used in the SME originator address parameters. Same values as in Producer header list above.
CamelSmppEsmeAddr String only for AlertNotification Defines the destination ESME address. For mobile terminated messages, this is the directory number of the recipient MS.
CamelSmppEsmeAddrNpi Byte only for AlertNotification Defines the numeric plan indicator (NPI) to be used in the ESME originator address parameters. The following NPI values are defined:
0: Unknown
1: ISDN (E163/E164)
2: Data (X.121)
3: Telex (F.69)
6: Land Mobile (E.212)
8: National
9: Private
10: ERMES
13: Internet (IP)
18: WAP Client Id (to be defined by WAP Forum)
CamelSmppEsmeAddrTon Byte only for AlertNotification Defines the type of number (TON) to be used in the ESME originator address parameters. The following TON values are defined:
0: Unknown
1: International
2: National
3: Network Specific
4: Subscriber Number
5: Alphanumeric
6: Abbreviated
CamelSmppId String only for smsc DeliveryReceipt and DataSm The message ID allocated to the message by the SMSC when originally submitted.
CamelSmppDelivered Integer only for smsc DeliveryReceipt Number of short messages delivered. This is only relevant where the original message was submitted to a distribution list.The value is padded with leading zeros if necessary.
CamelSmppDoneDate Date only for smsc DeliveryReceipt The time and date at which the short message reached it's final state. The format is as follows: YYMMDDhhmm.
CamelSmppFinalStatus DeliveryReceiptState only for smsc DeliveryReceipt: The final status of the message. The following values are defined:
DELIVRD: Message is delivered to destination
EXPIRED: Message validity period has expired.
DELETED: Message has been deleted.
UNDELIV: Message is undeliverable
ACCEPTD: Message is in accepted state (i.e. has been manually read on behalf of the subscriber by customer service)
UNKNOWN: Message is in invalid state
REJECTD: Message is in a rejected state
CamelSmppCommandStatus Integer only for DataSm The Command status of the message.
CamelSmppError String only for smsc DeliveryReceipt Where appropriate this may hold a Network specific error code or an SMSC error code for the attempted delivery of the message. These errors are Network or SMSC specific and are not included here.
CamelSmppSubmitDate Date only for smsc DeliveryReceipt The time and date at which the short message was submitted. In the case of a message which has been replaced, this is the date that the original message was replaced. The format is as follows: YYMMDDhhmm.
CamelSmppSubmitted Integer only for smsc DeliveryReceipt Number of short messages originally submitted. This is only relevant when the original message was submitted to a distribution list.The value is padded with leading zeros if necessary.
CamelSmppDestAddr String only for DeliverSm and DataSm: Defines the destination SME address. For mobile terminated messages, this is the directory number of the recipient MS.
CamelSmppScheduleDeliveryTime String only for DeliverSm: This parameter specifies the scheduled time at which the message delivery should be first attempted. It defines either the absolute date and time or relative time from the current SMSC time at which delivery of this message will be attempted by the SMSC. It can be specified in either absolute time format or relative time format. The encoding of a time format is specified in Section 7.1.1. in the smpp specification v3.4.
CamelSmppValidityPeriod String only for DeliverSm The validity period parameter indicates the SMSC expiration time, after which the message should be discarded if not delivered to the destination. It can be defined in absolute time format or relative time format. The encoding of absolute and relative time format is specified in Section 7.1.1 in the smpp specification v3.4.
CamelSmppServiceType String only for DeliverSm and DataSm The service type parameter indicates the SMS Application service associated with the message.
CamelSmppRegisteredDelivery Byte only for DataSm Is used to request an delivery receipt and/or SME originated acknowledgements. Same values as in Producer header list above.
CamelSmppDestAddrNpi Byte only for DataSm Defines the numeric plan indicator (NPI) in the destination address parameters. Same values as in Producer header list above.
CamelSmppDestAddrTon Byte only for DataSm Defines the type of number (TON) in the destination address parameters. Same values as in Producer header list above.
CamelSmppMessageType String Camel 2.6 onwards: Identifies the type of an incoming message:
AlertNotification: an SMSC alert notification
DataSm: an SMSC data short message
DeliveryReceipt: an SMSC delivery receipt
DeliverSm: an SMSC deliver short message
JSMPP library
See the documentation of the JSMPP Library for more details about the underlying library.

Exception handling

This component supports the general Camel exception handling capabilities.
Camel 2.8 onwards: When the SMPP consumer receives a DeliverSm or DataSm short message and the processing of these messages fails, you can also throw a ProcessRequestException instead of handle the failure. In this case, this exception is forwarded to the underlying JSMPP library which will return the included error code to the SMSC. This feature is useful to e.g. instruct the SMSC to resend the short message at a later time. This could be done with the following lines of code:

from("smpp://smppclient@localhost:2775?password=password&enquireLinkTimer=3000&transactionTimer=5000&systemType=consumer")
  .doTry()
    .to("bean:dao?method=updateSmsState")
  .doCatch(Exception.class)
    .throwException(new ProcessRequestException("update of sms state failed", 100))
  .end();

Please refer to the SMPP specification for the complete list of error codes and their meanings.

Samples

A route which sends an SMS using the Java DSL:

from("direct:start")
  .to("smpp://smppclient@localhost:2775?
      password=password&enquireLinkTimer=3000&transactionTimer=5000&systemType=producer");

A route which sends an SMS using the Spring XML DSL:

<route>
  <from uri="direct:start"/>
  <to uri="smpp://smppclient@localhost:2775?
           password=password&amp;enquireLinkTimer=3000&amp;transactionTimer=5000&amp;systemType=producer"/>
</route>

A route which receives an SMS using the Java DSL:

from("smpp://smppclient@localhost:2775?password=password&enquireLinkTimer=3000&transactionTimer=5000&systemType=consumer")
  .to("bean:foo");

A route which receives an SMS using the Spring XML DSL:

  <route>
     <from uri="smpp://smppclient@localhost:2775?
                password=password&amp;enquireLinkTimer=3000&amp;transactionTimer=5000&amp;systemType=consumer"/>
     <to uri="bean:foo"/>
  </route>
SMSC simulator
If you need an SMSC simulator for your test, you can use the simulator provided by Logica.

Debug logging

This component has log level DEBUG, which can be helpful in debugging problems. If you use log4j, you can add the following line to your configuration:

log4j.logger.org.apache.camel.component.smpp=DEBUG

See Also

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