Bindy

Available as of Camel 2.0

The idea that the developers has followed to design this component was to allow the parsing/binding of non structured data (or to be more precise non-XML data)
to Java Bean using annotations. Using Bindy, you can bind data like :

  • CSV record,
  • Fixedlength record,
  • FIX messages,
  • or any other non-structured data

to one or many Plain Old Java Object (POJO) and to convert the data according to the type of the java property. POJO can be linked together and relation one to many is available in some cases. Moreover, for data type like Date, Double, Float, Integer, Short, Long and BigDecimal, you can provide the pattern to apply during the formatting of the property.

For the BigDecimal number, you can also define the precision and the decimal or grouping separators

Type Format Type Pattern example Link
Date DateFormat "dd-MM-yyyy" http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.5.0/docs/api/java/text/SimpleDateFormat.html
Decimal* Decimalformat "##.###.###" http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.5.0/docs/api/java/text/DecimalFormat.html

Decimal* = Double, Integer, Float, Short, Long

Format supported
This first release only support comma separated values fields and key value pair fields (e.g. : FIX messages).

To work with camel-bindy, you must first define your model in a package (e.g. com.acme.model) and for each model class (e.g. Order, Client, Instrument, ...) associate the required annotations (described hereafter) with Class or property name.

Annotations

The annotations created allow to map different concept of your model to the POJO like :

  • Type of record (csv, key value pair (e.g. FIX message), fixed length ...),
  • Link (to link object in another object),
  • DataField and their properties (int, type, ...),
  • KeyValuePairField (for key = value format like we have in FIX financial messages),
  • Section (to identify header, body and footer section),
  • OneToMany

This section will describe them :

1. CsvRecord

The CsvRecord annotation is used to identified the root class of the model. It represents a record = a line of a CSV file and can be linked to several children model classes.

Annotation name Record type Level
CsvRecord csv Class
Parameter name type Info
separator string mandatory - can be ',' or ';' or 'anything'. This value is interpreted as a regular expression. If you want to use a sign which has a special meaning in regular expressions, e.g. the '|' sign, than you have to mask it, like '
|'
skipFirstLine boolean optional - default value = false - allow to skip the first line of the CSV file
crlf string optional - default value = WINDOWS - allow to define the carriage return character to use
generateHeaderColumns boolean optional - default value = false - uses to generate the header columns of the CSV generates
isOrdered boolean optional - default value = false - allow to change the order of the fields when CSV is generated
quote String Camel 2.8.3/2.9: option - allow to specify a quote character of the fields when CSV is generated
   This annotation is associated to the root class of the model and must be declared one time.

case 1 : separator = ','

The separator used to segregate the fields in the CSV record is ',' :

10, J, Pauline, M, XD12345678, Fortis Dynamic 15/15, 2500, USD,08-01-2009

@CsvRecord( separator = "," )
public Class Order {
...
}

case 2 : separator = ';'

Compare to the previous case, the separator here is ';' instead of ',' :

10; J; Pauline; M; XD12345678; Fortis Dynamic 15/15; 2500; USD; 08-01-2009

@CsvRecord( separator = ";" )
public Class Order {
...
}

case 3 : separator = '|'

Compare to the previous case, the separator here is '|' instead of ';' :

10| J| Pauline| M| XD12345678| Fortis Dynamic 15/15| 2500| USD| 08-01-2009

@CsvRecord( separator = "\\|" )
public Class Order {
...
}

case 4 : separator = '\",\"'
Applies for Camel 2.8.2 or older

When the field to be parsed of the CSV record contains ',' or ';' which is also used as separator, we whould find another strategy
to tell camel bindy how to handle this case. To define the field containing the data with a comma, you will use simple or double quotes
as delimiter (e.g : '10', 'Street 10, NY', 'USA' or "10", "Street 10, NY", "USA").
Remark : In this case, the first and last character of the line which are a simple or double quotes will removed by bindy

"10","J","Pauline"," M","XD12345678","Fortis Dynamic 15,15" 2500","USD","08-01-2009"

@CsvRecord( separator = "\",\"" )
public Class Order {
...
}

From Camel 2.8.3/2.9 or never bindy will automatic detect if the record is enclosed with either single or double quotes and automatic remove those quotes when unmarshalling from CSV to Object. Therefore do not include the quotes in the separator, but simple do as below:

"10","J","Pauline"," M","XD12345678","Fortis Dynamic 15,15" 2500","USD","08-01-2009"

@CsvRecord( separator = "," )
public Class Order {
...
}

Notice that if you want to marshal from Object to CSV and use quotes, then you need to specify which quote character to use, using the quote attribute on the @CsvRecord as shown below:

@CsvRecord( separator = ",", quote = "\"" )
public Class Order {
...
}

case 5 : separator & skipfirstline

The feature is interesting when the client wants to have in the first line of the file, the name of the data fields :

order id, client id, first name, last name, isin code, instrument name, quantity, currency, date

To inform bindy that this first line must be skipped during the parsing process, then we use the attribute :

@CsvRecord(separator = ",", skipFirstLine = true)
public Class Order {
...
}

case 6 : generateHeaderColumns

To add at the first line of the CSV generated, the attribute generateHeaderColumns must be set to true in the annotation like this :

@CsvRecord( generateHeaderColumns = true )
public Class Order {
...
}

As a result, Bindy during the unmarshaling process will generate CSV like this :

order id, client id, first name, last name, isin code, instrument name, quantity, currency, date
10, J, Pauline, M, XD12345678, Fortis Dynamic 15/15, 2500, USD,08-01-2009

case 7 : carriage return

If the platform where camel-bindy will run is not Windows but Macintosh or Unix, than you can change the crlf property like this. Three values are available : WINDOWS, UNIX or MAC

@CsvRecord(separator = ",", crlf="MAC")
public Class Order {
...
}

case 8 : isOrdered

Sometimes, the order to follow during the creation of the CSV record from the model is different from the order used during the parsing. Then, in this case, we can use the attribute isOrdered = true to indicate this in combination with attribute 'position' of the DataField annotation.

@CsvRecord(isOrdered = true)
public Class Order {

   @DataField(pos = 1, position = 11)
   private int orderNr;

   @DataField(pos = 2, position = 10)
   private String clientNr;

...
}

Remark : pos is used to parse the file, stream while positions is used to generate the CSV

2. Link

The link annotation will allow to link objects together.

Annotation name Record type Level
Link all Class & Property
Parameter name type Info
linkType LinkType optional - by default the value is LinkType.oneToOne - so you are not obliged to mention it
   Only one-to-one relation is allowed.

e.g : If the model Class Client is linked to the Order class, then use annotation Link in the Order class like this :

Property Link
@CsvRecord(separator = ",")
public class Order {

    @DataField(pos = 1)
    private int orderNr;

    @Link
    private Client client;
...

AND for the class Client :

Class Link
@Link
public class Client {
...
}

3. DataField

The DataField annotation defines the property of the field. Each datafield is identified by its position in the record, a type (string, int, date, ...) and optionally of a pattern

Annotation name Record type Level
DataField all Property
Parameter name type Info
pos int mandatory - digit number starting from 1 to ...
pattern string optional - default value = "" - will be used to format Decimal, Date, ...
length int optional - represents the length of the field for fixed length format
precision int optional - represents the precision to be used when the Decimal number will be formatted/parsed
pattern string optional - default value = "" - is used by the Java Formater (SimpleDateFormat by example) to format/validate data
position int optional - must be used when the position of the field in the CSV generated must be different compare to pos
required boolean optional - default value = "false"
trim boolean optional - default value = "false"
defaultValue string optional - default value = "" - defines the field's default value when the respective CSV field is empty/not available

case 1 : pos

This parameter/attribute represents the position of the field in the csv record

Position
@CsvRecord(separator = ",")
public class Order {

    @DataField(pos = 1)
    private int orderNr;

    @DataField(pos = 5)
    private String isinCode;

...
}

As you can see in this example the position starts at '1' but continues at '5' in the class Order. The numbers from '2' to '4' are defined in the class Client (see here after).

Position continues in another model class
public class Client {

    @DataField(pos = 2)
    private String clientNr;

    @DataField(pos = 3)
    private String firstName;

    @DataField(pos = 4)
    private String lastName;
...
}

case 2 : pattern

The pattern allows to enrich or validates the format of your data

Pattern
@CsvRecord(separator = ",")
public class Order {

    @DataField(pos = 1)
    private int orderNr;

    @DataField(pos = 5)
    private String isinCode;

    @DataField(name = "Name", pos = 6)
    private String instrumentName;

    @DataField(pos = 7, precision = 2)
    private BigDecimal amount;

    @DataField(pos = 8)
    private String currency;

    @DataField(pos = 9, pattern = "dd-MM-yyyy") -- pattern used during parsing or when the date is created
    private Date orderDate;
...
}

case 3 : precision

The precision is helpful when you want to define the decimal part of your number

Precision
@CsvRecord(separator = ",")
public class Order {

    @DataField(pos = 1)
    private int orderNr;

    @Link
    private Client client;

    @DataField(pos = 5)
    private String isinCode;

    @DataField(name = "Name", pos = 6)
    private String instrumentName;

    @DataField(pos = 7, precision = 2) -- precision
    private BigDecimal amount;

    @DataField(pos = 8)
    private String currency;

    @DataField(pos = 9, pattern = "dd-MM-yyyy")
    private Date orderDate;
...
}

case 4 : Position is different in output

The position attribute will inform bindy how to place the field in the CSV record generated. By default, the position used corresponds to the position defined with the attribute 'pos'. If the position is different (that means that we have an asymetric processus comparing marshaling from unmarshaling) than we can use 'position' to indicate this.

Here is an example

Position is different in output
@CsvRecord(separator = ",")
public class Order {
@CsvRecord(separator = ",", isOrdered = true)
public class Order {

    // Positions of the fields start from 1 and not from 0

    @DataField(pos = 1, position = 11)
    private int orderNr;

    @DataField(pos = 2, position = 10)
    private String clientNr;

    @DataField(pos = 3, position = 9)
    private String firstName;

    @DataField(pos = 4, position = 8)
    private String lastName;

    @DataField(pos = 5, position = 7)
    private String instrumentCode;

    @DataField(pos = 6, position = 6)
    private String instrumentNumber;
...
}
This attribute of the annotation @DataField must be used in combination with attribute isOrdered = true of the annotation @CsvRecord

case 5 : required

If a field is mandatory, simply use the attribute 'required' setted to true

Required
@CsvRecord(separator = ",")
public class Order {

    @DataField(pos = 1)
    private int orderNr;

    @DataField(pos = 2, required = true)
    private String clientNr;

    @DataField(pos = 3, required = true)
    private String firstName;

    @DataField(pos = 4, required = true)
    private String lastName;
...
}

If this field is not present in the record, than an error will be raised by the parser with the following information :

Some fields are missing (optional or mandatory), line :

case 6 : trim

If a field has leading and/or trailing spaces which should be removed before they are processed, simply use the attribute 'trim' setted to true

Trim
@CsvRecord(separator = ",")
public class Order {

    @DataField(pos = 1, trim = true)
    private int orderNr;

    @DataField(pos = 2, trim = true)
    private Integer clientNr;

    @DataField(pos = 3, required = true)
    private String firstName;

    @DataField(pos = 4)
    private String lastName;
...
}

case 7 : defaultValue

If a field is not defined then uses the value indicated by the defaultValue attribute

Default value
@CsvRecord(separator = ",")
public class Order {

    @DataField(pos = 1)
    private int orderNr;

    @DataField(pos = 2)
    private Integer clientNr;

    @DataField(pos = 3, required = true)
    private String firstName;

    @DataField(pos = 4, defaultValue = "Barin")
    private String lastName;
...
}
This attribute is only applicable to optional fields.

4. FixedLengthRecord

The FixedLengthRecord annotation is used to identified the root class of the model. It represents a record = a line of a file/message containing data fixed length formatted
and can be linked to several children model classes. This format is a bit particular beause data of a field can be aligned to the right or to the left.
When the size of the data does not fill completely the length of the field, then we add 'padd' characters.

Annotation name Record type Level
FixedLengthRecord fixed Class
Parameter name type Info
crlf string optional - default value = WINDOWS - allow to define the carriage return character to use
paddingChar char mandatory - default value = ' '
length int mandatory = size of the fixed length record
hasHeader boolean optional - NOT YET IMPLEMENTED
hasFooter boolean optional - NOT YET IMPLEMENTED
   This annotation is associated to the root class of the model and must be declared one time.

case 1 : Simple fixed length record

This simple example shows how to design the model to parse/format a fixed message

10A9PaulineMISINXD12345678BUYShare2500.45USD01-08-2009

Fixed-simple
   @FixedLengthRecord(length=54, paddingChar=' ')
    public static class Order {

        @DataField(pos = 1, length=2)
        private int orderNr;

        @DataField(pos = 3, length=2)
        private String clientNr;

        @DataField(pos = 5, length=7)
        private String firstName;

        @DataField(pos = 12, length=1, align="L")
        private String lastName;

        @DataField(pos = 13, length=4)
        private String instrumentCode;

        @DataField(pos = 17, length=10)
        private String instrumentNumber;

        @DataField(pos = 27, length=3)
        private String orderType;

        @DataField(pos = 30, length=5)
        private String instrumentType;

        @DataField(pos = 35, precision = 2, length=7)
        private BigDecimal amount;

        @DataField(pos = 42, length=3)
        private String currency;

        @DataField(pos = 45, length=10, pattern = "dd-MM-yyyy")
        private Date orderDate;
        ...

case 2 : Fixed length record with alignment and padding

This more elaborated example show how to define the alignment for a field and how to assign a padding character which is ' ' here''

10A9 PaulineM ISINXD12345678BUYShare2500.45USD01-08-2009

Fixed-padding-align
   @FixedLengthRecord(length=60, paddingChar=' ')
    public static class Order {

        @DataField(pos = 1, length=2)
        private int orderNr;

        @DataField(pos = 3, length=2)
        private String clientNr;

        @DataField(pos = 5, length=9)
        private String firstName;

        @DataField(pos = 14, length=5, align="L")   // align text to the LEFT zone of the block
        private String lastName;

        @DataField(pos = 19, length=4)
        private String instrumentCode;

        @DataField(pos = 23, length=10)
        private String instrumentNumber;

        @DataField(pos = 33, length=3)
        private String orderType;

        @DataField(pos = 36, length=5)
        private String instrumentType;

        @DataField(pos = 41, precision = 2, length=7)
        private BigDecimal amount;

        @DataField(pos = 48, length=3)
        private String currency;

        @DataField(pos = 51, length=10, pattern = "dd-MM-yyyy")
        private Date orderDate;
        ...

case 3 : Field padding

Sometimes, the default padding defined for record cannnot be applied to the field as we have a number format where we would like to padd with '0' instead of ' '. In this case, you can use in the model the attribute paddingField to set this value.

10A9 PaulineM ISINXD12345678BUYShare000002500.45USD01-08-2009

Fixed-padding-field
    @FixedLengthRecord(length = 65, paddingChar = ' ')
    public static class Order {

        @DataField(pos = 1, length = 2)
        private int orderNr;

        @DataField(pos = 3, length = 2)
        private String clientNr;

        @DataField(pos = 5, length = 9)
        private String firstName;

        @DataField(pos = 14, length = 5, align = "L")
        private String lastName;

        @DataField(pos = 19, length = 4)
        private String instrumentCode;

        @DataField(pos = 23, length = 10)
        private String instrumentNumber;

        @DataField(pos = 33, length = 3)
        private String orderType;

        @DataField(pos = 36, length = 5)
        private String instrumentType;

        @DataField(pos = 41, precision = 2, length = 12, paddingChar = '0')
        private BigDecimal amount;

        @DataField(pos = 53, length = 3)
        private String currency;

        @DataField(pos = 56, length = 10, pattern = "dd-MM-yyyy")
        private Date orderDate;
        ...

5. Message

The Message annotation is used to identified the class of your model who will contain key value pairs fields. This kind of format is used mainly in Financial Exchange Protocol Messages (FIX). Nevertheless, this annotation can be used for any other format where data are identified by keys. The key pair values are separated each other by a separator which can be a special character like a tab delimitor (unicode representation : \u0009) or a start of heading (unicode representation : \u0001)

"FIX information"
More information about FIX can be found on this web site : http://www.fixprotocol.org/. To work with FIX messages, the model must contain a Header and Trailer classes linked to the root message class which could be a Order class. This is not mandatory but will be very helpful when you will use camel-bindy in combination with camel-fix which is a Fix gateway based on quickFix project http://www.quickfixj.org/.
Annotation name Record type Level
Message key value pair Class
Parameter name type Info
pairSeparator string mandatory - can be '=' or ';' or 'anything'
keyValuePairSeparair string mandatory - can be '\u0001', '\u0009', '#' or 'anything'
crlf string optional - default value = WINDOWS - allow to define the carriage return character to use
type string optional - define the type of message (e.g. FIX, EMX, ...)
version string optional - version of the message (e.g. 4.1)
isOrdered boolean optional - default value = false - allow to change the order of the fields when FIX message is generated
   This annotation is associated to the message class of the model and must be declared one time.

case 1 : separator = 'u0001'

The separator used to segregate the key value pair fields in a FIX message is the ASCII '01' character or in unicode format '\u0001'. This character must be escaped a second time to avoid a java runtime error. Here is an example :

8=FIX.4.1 9=20 34=1 35=0 49=INVMGR 56=BRKR 1=BE.CHM.001 11=CHM0001-01 22=4 ...

and how to use the annotation

FIX - message
@Message(keyValuePairSeparator = "=", pairSeparator = "\u0001", type="FIX", version="4.1")
public class Order {
...
}
Look at test cases
The ASCII character like tab, ... cannot be displayed in WIKI page. So, have a look to the test case of camel-bindy to see exactly how the FIX message looks like (src\test\data\fix\fix.txt) and the Order, Trailer, Header classes (src\test\java\org\apache\camel\dataformat\bindy\model\fix\simple\Order.java)

6. KeyValuePairField

The KeyValuePairField annotation defines the property of a key value pair field. Each KeyValuePairField is identified by a tag (= key) and its value associated, a type (string, int, date, ...), optionaly a pattern and if the field is required

Annotation name Record type Level
KeyValuePairField Key Value Pair - FIX Property
Parameter name type Info
tag int mandatory - digit number identifying the field in the message - must be unique
pattern string optional - default value = "" - will be used to format Decimal, Date, ...
precision int optional - digit number - represents the precision to be used when the Decimal number will be formatted/parsed
position int optional - must be used when the position of the key/tag in the FIX message must be different
required boolean optional - default value = "false"

case 1 : tag

This parameter represents the key of the field in the message

FIX message - Tag
@Message(keyValuePairSeparator = "=", pairSeparator = "\u0001", type="FIX", version="4.1")
public class Order {

    @Link Header header;

    @Link Trailer trailer;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 1) // Client reference
    private String Account;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 11) // Order reference
    private String ClOrdId;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 22) // Fund ID type (Sedol, ISIN, ...)
    private String IDSource;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 48) // Fund code
    private String SecurityId;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 54) // Movement type ( 1 = Buy, 2 = sell)
    private String Side;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 58) // Free text
    private String Text;

...
}

case 2 : Different position in output

If the tags/keys that we will put in the FIX message must be sorted according to a predefine order, then use the attribute 'position' of the annotation @KeyValuePairField

FIX message - Tag - sort
@Message(keyValuePairSeparator = "=", pairSeparator = "\\u0001", type = "FIX", version = "4.1", isOrdered = true)
public class Order {

    @Link Header header;

    @Link Trailer trailer;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 1, position = 1) // Client reference
    private String account;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 11, position = 3) // Order reference
    private String clOrdId;

...
}

7. Section

In FIX message of fixed length records, it is common to have different sections in the representation of the information : header, body and section. The purpose of the annotation @Section is to inform bindy about which class of the model represents the header (= section 1), body (= section 2) and footer (= section 3)

Only one attribute/parameter exists for this annotation.

Annotation name Record type Level
Section FIX Class
Parameter name type Info
number int digit number identifying the section position

case 1 : Section

A. Definition of the header section

FIX message - Section - Header
@Section(number = 1)
public class Header {

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 8, position = 1) // Message Header
    private String beginString;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 9, position = 2) // Checksum
    private int bodyLength;
...
}

B. Definition of the body section

FIX message - Section - Body
@Section(number = 2)
@Message(keyValuePairSeparator = "=", pairSeparator = "\\u0001", type = "FIX", version = "4.1", isOrdered = true)
public class Order {

    @Link Header header;

    @Link Trailer trailer;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 1, position = 1) // Client reference
    private String account;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 11, position = 3) // Order reference
    private String clOrdId;

C. Definition of the footer section

FIX message - Section - Footer
@Section(number = 3)
public class Trailer {

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 10, position = 1)
    // CheckSum
    private int checkSum;

    public int getCheckSum() {
        return checkSum;
    }

8. OneToMany

The purpose of the annotation @OneToMany is to allow to work with a List<?> field defined a POJO class or from a record containing repetitive groups.

Restrictions OneToMany
Be careful, the one to many of bindy does not allow to handle repetitions defined on several levels of the hierarchy

The relation OneToMany ONLY WORKS in the following cases :

  • Reading a FIX message containing repetitive groups (= group of tags/keys)
  • Generating a CSV with repetitive data
Annotation name Record type Level
OneToMany all property
Parameter name type Info
mappedTo string optional - string - class name associated to the type of the List<Type of the Class>

case 1 : Generating CSV with repetitive data

Here is the CSV output that we want :

Claus,Ibsen,Camel in Action 1,2010,35
Claus,Ibsen,Camel in Action 2,2012,35
Claus,Ibsen,Camel in Action 3,2013,35
Claus,Ibsen,Camel in Action 4,2014,35

Remark : the repetitive data concern the title of the book and its publication date while first, last name and age are common

and the classes used to modeling this. The Author class contains a List of Book.

Generate CSV with repetitive data
@CsvRecord(separator=",")
public class Author {

	@DataField(pos = 1)
	private String firstName;

	@DataField(pos = 2)
	private String lastName;

	@OneToMany
	private List<Book> books;

	@DataField(pos = 5)
	private String Age;
...


public class Book {

	@DataField(pos = 3)
	private String title;

	@DataField(pos = 4)
	private String year;

Very simple isn't it !!!

case 2 : Reading FIX message containing group of tags/keys

Here is the message that we would like to process in our model :

"8=FIX 4.19=2034=135=049=INVMGR56=BRKR"
"1=BE.CHM.00111=CHM0001-0158=this is a camel - bindy test"
"22=448=BE000124567854=1"
"22=548=BE000987654354=2"
"22=648=BE000999999954=3"
"10=220"

tags 22, 48 and 54 are repeated

and the code

Reading FIX message containing group of tags/keys
public class Order {

    @Link Header header;

    @Link Trailer trailer;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 1) // Client reference
    private String account;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 11) // Order reference
    private String clOrdId;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 58) // Free text
    private String text;

    @OneToMany(mappedTo = "org.apache.camel.dataformat.bindy.model.fix.complex.onetomany.Security")
    List<Security> securities;
...

public class Security {

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 22) // Fund ID type (Sedol, ISIN, ...)
    private String idSource;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 48) // Fund code
    private String securityCode;

    @KeyValuePairField(tag = 54) // Movement type ( 1 = Buy, 2 = sell)
    private String side;

Using the Java DSL

The next step consists in instantiating the DataFormat bindy class associated with this record type and providing Java package name(s) as parameter.

For example the following uses the class CsvBindyFormat (who correspond to the class associated with the CSV record type) which is configured with "com.acme.model"
package name to initialize the model objects configured in this package.

DataFormat bindy = new CsvBindyDataFormat("com.acme.model");

from("file://inbox").
  unmarshal(bindy).
  to("bean:handleOrder");

The Camel route will pick-up files in the inbox directory, unmarshall CSV records in a collection of model objects and send the collection
to the bean referenced by 'handleOrder'.

The collection is a list of Map. Each Map of the list contains the objects of the model. Each object can be retrieve using its class name.

int count = 0;

    List<Map<String, Object>> models = new ArrayList<Map<String, Object>>();
    Map<String, Object> model = new HashMap<String, Object>();

    models = (List<Map<String, Object>>) exchange.getIn().getBody();

    Iterator<Map<String, Object>> it = models.iterator();

    while(it.hasNext()){

          model = it.next();

	  for(String key : model.keySet()) {
	     Object obj = model.get(key);
	     LOG.info("Count : " + count + ", " + obj.toString());
	  }

	 count++;
    }

    LOG.info("Nber of CSV records received by the csv bean : " + count);

To generate CSV records from a collection of model objects, you create the following route :

from("bean:handleOrder")
   marshal(bindy)
   to("file://outbox")

You can if you prefer use a named reference to a data format which can then be defined in your Registry such as via your Spring XML file. e.g.

from("file://inbox").
  unmarshal("myBindyDataFormat").
  to("bean:handleOrder");

Unit test

Here is two examples showing how to marshall or unmarshall a CSV file with Camel

Marshall
package org.apache.camel.dataformat.bindy.csv;

import java.math.BigDecimal;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Calendar;
import java.util.GregorianCalendar;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import org.apache.camel.EndpointInject;
import org.apache.camel.Produce;
import org.apache.camel.ProducerTemplate;
import org.apache.camel.builder.RouteBuilder;
import org.apache.camel.component.mock.MockEndpoint;
import org.apache.camel.dataformat.bindy.model.complex.twoclassesandonelink.Client;
import org.apache.camel.dataformat.bindy.model.complex.twoclassesandonelink.Order;
import org.apache.camel.spring.javaconfig.SingleRouteCamelConfiguration;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.config.java.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.config.java.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.config.java.test.JavaConfigContextLoader;
import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.AbstractJUnit4SpringContextTests;

@ContextConfiguration(locations = "org.apache.camel.dataformat.bindy.csv.BindyComplexCsvMarshallTest$ContextConfig", loader = JavaConfigContextLoader.class)
public class BindyComplexCsvMarshallTest extends AbstractJUnit4SpringContextTests {

    private List<Map<String, Object>> models = new ArrayList<Map<String, Object>>();
    private String result = "10,A1,Julia,Roberts,BE123456789,Belgium Ventage 10/12,150,USD,14-01-2009";

    @Produce(uri = "direct:start")
    private ProducerTemplate template;

    @EndpointInject(uri = "mock:result")
    private MockEndpoint resultEndpoint;

    @Test
    public void testMarshallMessage() throws Exception {
        resultEndpoint.expectedBodiesReceived(result);

        template.sendBody(generateModel());

        resultEndpoint.assertIsSatisfied();
    }

    private List<Map<String, Object>> generateModel() {
        Map<String, Object> model = new HashMap<String, Object>();

        Order order = new Order();
        order.setOrderNr(10);
        order.setAmount(new BigDecimal("150"));
        order.setIsinCode("BE123456789");
        order.setInstrumentName("Belgium Ventage 10/12");
        order.setCurrency("USD");

        Calendar calendar = new GregorianCalendar();
        calendar.set(2009, 0, 14);
        order.setOrderDate(calendar.getTime());

        Client client = new Client();
        client.setClientNr("A1");
        client.setFirstName("Julia");
        client.setLastName("Roberts");

        order.setClient(client);

        model.put(order.getClass().getName(), order);
        model.put(client.getClass().getName(), client);

        models.add(0, model);

        return models;
    }

    @Configuration
    public static class ContextConfig extends SingleRouteCamelConfiguration {
        BindyCsvDataFormat camelDataFormat = new BindyCsvDataFormat("org.apache.camel.dataformat.bindy.model.complex.twoclassesandonelink");

        @Override
        @Bean
        public RouteBuilder route() {
            return new RouteBuilder() {
                @Override
                public void configure() {
                    from("direct:start").marshal(camelDataFormat).to("mock:result");
                }
            };
        }
    }

}
Unmarshall
package org.apache.camel.dataformat.bindy.csv;

import org.apache.camel.EndpointInject;
import org.apache.camel.builder.RouteBuilder;
import org.apache.camel.component.mock.MockEndpoint;
import org.apache.camel.spring.javaconfig.SingleRouteCamelConfiguration;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.springframework.config.java.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.config.java.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.config.java.test.JavaConfigContextLoader;
import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.AbstractJUnit4SpringContextTests;

@ContextConfiguration(locations = "org.apache.camel.dataformat.bindy.csv.BindyComplexCsvUnmarshallTest$ContextConfig", loader = JavaConfigContextLoader.class)
public class BindyComplexCsvUnmarshallTest extends AbstractJUnit4SpringContextTests {

    @EndpointInject(uri = "mock:result")
    private MockEndpoint resultEndpoint;

    @Test
    public void testUnMarshallMessage() throws Exception {
        resultEndpoint.expectedMessageCount(1);
        resultEndpoint.assertIsSatisfied();
    }

    @Configuration
    public static class ContextConfig extends SingleRouteCamelConfiguration {
        BindyCsvDataFormat csvBindyDataFormat = new BindyCsvDataFormat("org.apache.camel.dataformat.bindy.model.complex.twoclassesandonelink");

        @Override
        @Bean
        public RouteBuilder route() {
            return new RouteBuilder() {
                @Override
                public void configure() {
                    from("file://src/test/data?noop=true").unmarshal(csvBindyDataFormat).to("mock:result");
                }
            };
        }
    }

}

In this example, BindyCsvDataFormat class has been instantiated in a traditional way but it is also possible to provide information directly to the function (un)marshal like this where BindyType corresponds to the Bindy DataFormat class to instantiate and the parameter contains the list of package names.

    public static class ContextConfig extends SingleRouteCamelConfiguration {
        @Override
        @Bean
        public RouteBuilder route() {
            return new RouteBuilder() {
                @Override
                public void configure() {
                    from("direct:start")
                    .marshal().bindy(BindyType.Csv, "org.apache.camel.dataformat.bindy.model.simple.oneclass")
                    .to("mock:result");
                }
            };
        }
    }

Using Spring XML

This is really easy to use Spring as your favorite DSL language to declare the routes to be used for camel-bindy. The following example shows two routes where the first will pick-up records from files, unmarshal the content and bind it to their model. The result is then send to a pojo (doing nothing special) and place them into a queue.

The second route will extract the pojos from the queue and marshal the content to generate a file containing the csv record

spring dsl
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
       http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
       http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring
       http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring/camel-spring.xsd">

	<bean id="bindyDataformat" class="org.apache.camel.dataformat.bindy.csv.BindyCsvDataFormat">
		<constructor-arg value="org.apache.camel.bindy.model" />
	</bean>

	<bean id="csv" class="org.apache.camel.bindy.csv.HandleOrderBean" />


        <!-- Queuing engine - ActiveMq - work locally in mode virtual memory -->
	<bean id="activemq" class="org.apache.activemq.camel.component.ActiveMQComponent">
		<property name="brokerURL" value="vm://localhost:61616"/>
	</bean>


	<camelContext xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring">
		<jmxAgent id="agent" disabled="false" />

		<route>
			<from uri="file://src/data/csv/?noop=true" />
			<unmarshal ref="bindyDataformat" />
			<to uri="bean:csv" />
			<to uri="activemq:queue:in" />
		</route>

		<route>
			<from uri="activemq:queue:in" />
			<marshal ref="bindyDataformat" />
			<to uri="file://src/data/csv/out/" />
		</route>
	</camelContext>
</beans>
Be careful
Please verify that your model classes implements serializable otherwise the queue manager will raise an error

Dependencies

To use Bindy in your camel routes you need to add the a dependency on camel-bindy which implements this data format.

If you use maven you could just add the following to your pom.xml, substituting the version number for the latest & greatest release (see the download page for the latest versions).

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apache.camel</groupId>
  <artifactId>camel-bindy</artifactId>
  <version>2.1.0</version>
</dependency>
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